Oral Cancers

Good and malignant tumors are found in this area. The lips are examined as the front tongue (2/3 anterior), mouth base, buccal mucosa, gingival mucosa, retromolar trigon, hard palate.
Cigarette and alcohol chewing habits cause bad oral hygiene and malignant tumors. The symptoms vary according to the area where they are taken, but they usually come from wounds in the mouth, swelling in the teeth, trismus, swallowing difficulty, bleeding and weight loss. Invasive, painful, bleeding and fragile lesions with mucosal ulceration should be evaluated as malignant and biopsied.
The tumor may encounter lesions that precede the tumor before it develops. These are erythroplasty and leucoplasty.
Our treatment protocol is surgical operation and or neck dissection in conjunction with radiotherapy if necessary. The earlier the tumor is caught, the better the treatment and prognosis.
a) Lip Cancer: 88-98% of all lip cancers occur in the lower lip, 2-7% in the upper lip, and 2% in the commissural area. 90% of lip cancers heal with surgery. In 10% of the patients, lymph node metastasis is seen in the longitudinal zone. The surgical treatment is well responsive.
b) Tumors of the Tongue: The front of the tongue 2/3 is in the mouth. Metastasizes to the neck lymph. Treatment with surgical excision and neck dissection is possible. Early diagnosis is important.
c) Oral Base Tumors: Surgical treatment is equally effective.
Lymph node metastases often metastasize. Neck dissection is also added to the surgical excision.
c) Buccal Mucosa: (oral mucosa, cheek) Surgical treatment is equally effective.
d) Gingiva, retromas, triangles, hard palate: Most of the tumors in this region require surgical resection due to the presence of bone invasion. In early lesions without bone invasion, 80% of the cases with radiotherapy combined with surgery are healed in the local area.
Oropharyngeal tongue root, tonsil, soft palate
Language Crown: Treatment according to free language is more difficult than tumors. Language is important in swallowing, causing loss of function. After resection, the cavity is filled with pedicle flaps surrounded by chest region. Both sides can metastasize to the lymph nodes.
Radiotherapy in the tonsil and soft palate areas may be considered
This region is at the entrance of the food pipe at the back of the throat. It is most commonly seen with or with laryngeal cancer. Most of the hypopharynx cancers are detected in the advanced stage. Amelia is usually laryngectomy and sometimes part of the food borne is added.
The nasopharynx is the region that we call it. Most of these tumors are 90% epidermoid or undifferentiated cancers, 10% of which involve lymphoma.
When the tumor progresses, the oropharynx is below and the brain is above. The body is treated with radiotherapy. The nasopharynx has a rich lymphatic network and at the same time jumps early to the cervical lymph nodes.

Last update: 17 Jan 2024

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