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Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis Ulcerative colitis is the inflammation of the thickening layer (mucosa, submucosa) of the intestine. Mucosal ulcers occur as a cover layer that covers the inner face of the ileum where the inflammation changes. The disease is called ulcerative colitis, which means ulcerative disease. The rectum and the left colon (the last part of the large intestine) are most commonly affected in the small intestine. Other parts of the intestinal tract (eg stomach, small intestine) are not affected by this disease.

What are the symptoms?
• Rectal bleeding, mucous discharge,
• Cramp-like abdominal pain
• Weight loss, weakness,
• Fever is common in young adults and middle-aged people. For many years (15-20 years), there is a risk of cancer. The exact cause of the disease is unknown. The disease is usually chronic. However, sometimes it causes acute attacks. Rectal hemorrhages may present dangerous symptoms such as persistent diarrhea, severe abdominal pain, swelling of the abdomen, fever, weakness and restlessness. Colonoscopic and radiological examinations come first in the diagnosis of the disease.

How is it treated?
Since ulcerative colitis is not a definitive treatment, only mild cases will be treated for findings. The aims of treatment; Ulcerative colitis Transmission of pain Acquire the normal functioning of the intestine To avoid the problems that can aggravate the disease. Feeding with high protein and calorie foods. If you have diarrhea, you should stay away from foods that have gut emollient properties (such as raw vegetables and fruit, concentrated fruit juices). It will help to rest the bowel by not eating solid foods for several hours. In the meantime you should only drink clear liquids instead of food. Diarrhea should start with solid meals in the form of frequent and few meals as they improve in a few seats. You should stay away from stomachs containing too much caffeine (coffee, tea, chocolate, nescafe, etc.). If dairy products increase your complaints, avoid them. Ask your doctor if you need to increase or decrease the fiber in your diet. If you have cramp in the abdomen or cramps on the abdomen, warm dressing (such as hot water bag) may well come.

Last update: 17 Jan 2024

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