What is Obesity?

What is Obesity?

Obesity is a condition that is secondary to severe weight gain and characterized with abnormally high fat deposition in body. It is the second most common preventable cause of death following smoking.

Genetic and environmental factors (unhealthy eating habits, inactive or sedentary life) play role in development of obesity.

Fat deposition is rather observed in central-visceral area (tummy and internal organs), while it prefers peripheral areas (around buttocks) in women. Obesity is associated with following diseases that are listed according to prevalence: degenerative joint diseases; lumbalgia; hypertension; obstructive sleep apnea; gastroesophageal reflux disease; cholelithiasis (stone in bile ducts and gall bladder); type 2 diabetes mellitus; hyperlipidemia; hypercholesterolemia; asthma; fatal cardiac arrhythmias; right heart failure; migraine; venous stasis ulcer; deep vein thrombosis; fungal infections; dermal abscesses; stress urinary incontinence; infertility; dysmenorrheal; depression; abdominal wall hernia and higher prevalence of cancers (uterus, breast, colon and prostate gland).

Last update: 17 Jan 2024

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